Female SS Guards and Workaday Violence cover
Female SS Guards and Workaday Violence
The Majdanek Concentration Camp, 1942-1944
How did “ordinary women,” like their male counterparts, become capable of brutal violence during the Holocaust? Cultural historian Elissa Mailänder examines the daily work of twenty-eight women employed by the SS to oversee prisoners in the concentration and death camp Majdanek/Lublin in Poland. Many female SS overseers in Majdanek perpetrated violence and terrorized prisoners not only when ordered to do so but also on their own initiative. The social order of the concentration camp, combined with individual propensities, shaped a microcosm in which violence became endemic to workaday life. The author’s analysis of Nazi records, court testimony, memoirs, and film interviews illuminates the guards’ social backgrounds, careers, and motives as well as their day-to-day behavior during free time and on the “job,” as they supervised prisoners on work detail and in the cell blocks, conducted roll calls, and “selected” girls and women for death in the gas chambers. Scrutinizing interactions and conflicts among female guards, relations with male colleagues and superiors, and internal hierarchies, Female SS Guards and Workaday Violence shows how work routines, pressure to “resolve problems,” material gratification, and Nazi propaganda stressing guards’ roles in “creating a new order” heightened female overseers’ identification with Nazi policies and radicalized their behavior.
Publication Date: March 1st, 2015
434 pages| 6 in x 9 in
Bios
Elissa Mailänder is Associate Professor at the Centre d’histoire de Sciences Po and on the staff of the École des hautes études en sciences sociales and the Centre interdisciplinaire d’études et de recherches sur l’Allemagne in Paris. Formerly, she was a visiting fellow at the Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies in Washington D.C.

Patricia Szobar is a writer and translator who lives in Berlin.

Early Praise

“The book demonstrates that young women often acted to a considerable degree on their own initiative to ensure the functioning of an extermination camp. . . . By elucidating the horrific ‘workaday routines’ of these female perpetrators in Majdanek and confronting the abysmal anthropological depths of a topic that is still taboo, the author helps to reconstruct how the murder of Europe’s Jews could become reality.”
—Bernward Dörner,Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

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